What Is Androgenetic Alopecia? Bald spot on head of women.
Androgenetic alopecia is a form of hair loss that affects both men and women. What Is Androgenetic Alopecia? In men, this condition is known as male-pattern baldness. When an individual suffers from this condition, it stunts hair growth in a defined pattern, starting from the temples. Later, it progresses to form an ‘M’ shape. Also, the hair at the crown thins, leading to either partial or complete baldness.
The way this pattern of hair loss happens in women differs from men. For the female gender, loss of hair occurs through the thinning of the hair over the head. However, the airline does not recede like in the case of men. In women, it is less likely that Androgenetic alopecia will cause total baldness.
For men, What Is Androgenetic Alopecia? this condition has been linked to numerous other medical conditions such as coronary heart disease, prostate enlargement, prostate cancer, etc. For women, hair loss can be linked to an increased risk of polycystic ovary syndrome. It is s hormonal imbalance that can disrupt the usual menstruation circles, even cause an acne breakout or excessive hair in some unexpected part of the body.
It is estimated that Androgenetic alopecia affects only 50 million men and 30 million women in the US. This medical condition can affect people even in their teens, with risks increasing as they grow old. About 50% of men above the age of 50 experience hair loss, with women being more at risk after menopause.
Androgenetic alopecia involves the hormone known as androgen, which is in charge of male sexual hormones, sex drive, sexual development, and hair growth regulation. This condition can also be caused by other underlying conditions such as overproduction of androgen, or perhaps an androgen-secreting tumor on the ovary adrenal or pituitary gland.
Can Female Androgenetic Alopecia Be Reversed
When you look in the mirror, the chances are that you will be fixated on the thing that you’re lacking. Perhaps your hair is thinning or receding to the point where you’re getting worried. This condition is known as pattern-hair loss, affecting over 30 million women and 50 million men in the US alone.
You’re not alone in this struggle, as it affects all ages and races. Androgenetic Alopecia can come with emotional or psychological distress, which is even worse than the condition’s symptoms.
However, it is possible to reverse this hair loss? If only there is a straightforward answer to this question, perhaps there would have been a cure by now. However, some improvements in medicine are giving for those wishing to restore their hair.
Androgenetic Alopecia Treatment
There are a handful of treatment options for those suffering from androgenetic alopecia, Bald spot on head of women, which can also benefit you. Some of these treatments could entail the stimulation of hair follicles using 5-alpha reductase inhibitors or minoxidil.
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However, there have been new experimental therapies aimed at inhibition of Janus Kinase (JAK). Other forms of treatment may include laser therapy, hair transplant, hair mesotherapy, and scalp microneedling. This section will go into detail to disclose some of the treatment options that are available for you.
- Low-Level Laser Therapy – This form of treatment has been used to treat AGA, and it shows to stimulate hair growth at a specific wavelength. But the cause of these actions is yet to be ascertained. There are other laser therapy devices that you can use, even a comb, a hood, or helmet that you can wear in your head.Out of all these devices, you can use to combat hair loss, the FDA’s only approved is the HairMaxLaserComb. Drugs may be involved in this type of therapy to increase or improve the results. Nevertheless, more research is needed to know the effectiveness and the best possible place for treatment.
- Microneedling and Hair Transplantation –Microneedling has gain popularity over the years, and it is because of its effectiveness in stimulating hair regrowth in alopecia. It has been used for cosmetic purposes and is currently being utilized to enhance topical drug delivery. This treatment option uses numerous fine needles, which is usually attached to a roller and then used to create tiny punctures in the skin. This procedure stimulates neovascularization, which helps release growth factors, even the expression of Wnt proteins.
This medical procedure is often done in conjunction with topical therapy like minoxidil, coupled with PRP. Many who went for this procedure have confirmed experiencing a significant outcome. Many studies have been carried out, which went ahead to buttress the compelling nature of microneedling. Patients never reported any severe or adverse side effects, and the outcome of this procedure can be maintained for over eight months after treatment.
- Minoxidil – Another treatment option for people suffering from Androgenetic Alopecia is Minoxidil, and the FDA has approved it for Androgenetic Alopecia treatment. How it is used for treating hair loss is pretty simple; you apply to your scalp every day until you start noticing improvement. Although it wouldn’t restore your hair entirely, its result is impressive to an incredible extent.
When using minoxidil, you have to be patient as you might not see the result for six to twelve months. Also, you’re likely to experience the following side effects like redness, itching, dryness, and hair growth in some unexpected areas.
- Finasteride and Dutasteride – This treatment option for Androgenetic Alopecia is FDA approved to treat hair loss in men. However, some doctors have recommended it for women, and it seems to help combat hair loss. There have been numerous studies on this, and there is proof that it regrows hair in female pattern baldness.
Side effects can include headache, a decreased sex drive, and hot flashes. You may experience other mild side effects. You must visit your doctor if you believe the side effects are severe. You should follow your doctor’s prescription. If you’re pregnant or planning to be, you shouldn’t be on this drug as it increases congenital disabilities.
- Spironolactone – This medication is meant to treat fluid retention conditions such as kidney disease by removing excess fluid from the body. Furthermore, it halts the production of androgen, which might improve hair growth in women. Like other treatment options, it comes with some side effects such as electrolyte imbalances, spotting between periods, fatigue, irregular menstruation, and tender breast. Before you begin taking this medication, you will need to have regular blood pressure and an electrolyte test.
Androgenetic Alopecia Symptoms
Hair loss comes in various ways, depending on what is causing the loss. It can come suddenly or gradually from the scalp to the rest of the body to many people. Here are some of the symptoms of androgenetic alopecia:
- Sudden Loss Of Hair
An emotional or physical shock can lead to a drastic loss of hair, one of the Androgenetic alopecia symptoms. You can also notice a handful of hair coming out when you comb or wash your hair, another glaring sign that points in the direction of androgenetic alopecia.
- Full-Body Hair Loss
Some medical conditions like cancer can cause hair loss all over the body. However, it is likely to grow back after stopping.
- Patches of Scaling On The Scalp
It is often an obvious sign of ringworm and can cause redness, swelling, and broken hair. In most cases, there will be oozing.
- Gradual Thinning On Top Of The Head
It is the most common symptom of Androgenetic Alopecia and often affects people as they age. In men, it starts to recede at the hairline. Women, on the other hand, have a broadening on the part of their hair.
Androgenetic Alopecia Causes
Hair loss happens when fallen hairs aren’t replaced by new ones. Typically, one loses 50 to 100 hairs every day. It is often not noticeable since we regrow almost at the same pace. However, many factors can be at play, and here are some causes of hair loss you should know.
Heredity is the most common cause of hair loss and often accelerates as one age. This condition is known as Androgenetic alopecia and often comes till hairlines have receded coupled with bald spots.
- Hormonal Changes And Medical Conditions
A lot of situations can lead to hair loss, and hormonal imbalance is one of them. It could be as a result of pregnancy, thyroid problems, or menopause. That can lead to Androgenetic alopecia, resulting in patchy hair loss and a scalp infection like ringworm.
- Medication And Supplement
Some drugs can cause hair loss, especially cancer drugs, depression, arthritis, high blood pressure medications, and more.
Androgenetic alopecia is a common medical condition that affects both men and women of all ages. To some, it could be heredity or perhaps caused by hormonal imbalance. When you experience any of the symptoms associated with Androgenetic alopecia, there are lots of treatment options that you can try out. Ensure you follow your doctor’s advice, and do not hide your medical history as it might be necessary to determine the cause and best treatment option. Remember, you’re not alone in this struggle!